At the place where we sleep we should also protect ourselves from the permanent influence of electro-smog, the superposition of electromagnetic energy (through mostly insufficiently insulated power lines), and electrostatic energy (through friction, mainly through synthetic mattresses), with power isolation(*) and natural materials. Good indoor air also contributes significantly to a night of healthy sleep and helps to reduce the symptoms of allergies.
(* ask your electrician)
We mainly address house dust allergy sufferers, for them, we recommend the use of a normal natural mattress in combination with BioNeem/Milbopax, the product against mites (see above), with a natural active ingredient formula. You can find more information in the BioNeem factsheet.
For those who wish to stick to the old method of regular washing, we recommend a mattress design with a removable, washable cover and a separate climate insert. You will find these covers in the configurator with the designation E pure or F pure.
Alpenland wool (Merino new wool)
We have built this flow of material for over more than two decades and have created the brand Alpenland-Qualität because of the reliably good products.
You can purchase it in the pharmacy (very cheap in some Internet pharmacies), under the name "Milbopax". Detailed information (still directly from Prof. Remboldt) can be found in the BioNeem factsheet.
For more information see the coconut fiber factsheet..
Cotton is important for a mattress, whether as cover material or as fleece inside. Cotton is antistatic and skin-friendly and also ensures a good sleeping climate by means of a good diffusion effect (passage of moisture).
The raw material for the 2nd Human skin is produced in an amount of 20 million tons per year, still mostly in "anti-ecological" mono-cultures. Groundwater contamination and desertification to a great extent are the results. Therefore the certified organic cotton is important for the conservation of our natural world.
More information on C.O.C. - Controlled Organic Cultivation - organic cotton is the international term for cotton from certified organic cultivation.
Why do we not always utilize controlled organic cotton: Unfortunately, there is still a difference in the commodity price, which makes the amount of cotton in some FUTON noticeable.
The raw material for the 2nd skin of humans is produced in a quantity of 20 million tons p. y., still mainly in environmentally destructive monocultures. Groundwater contamination and desertification to a devastating extent are the consequences. Therefore, controlled organic cultivation (n.b.A.) (GOTS) is important for the preservation of our natural world. All our fabrics, whether drill/satin, jersey, terry cloth, velour, or double jersey are made of 100% cotton and except for the terry cloth, all are in organic quality.
More about this under n.b.A. ... Organic cotton is the international term for cotton from controlled organic cultivation ... Interesting information about this topic can also be found here: www.biothemen.de or at GOTS ... detailed information about cotton is also available in our cotton factsheet.
Cuddly wool (fleece/deep-pile)
Deep-pile wool, fleece wool
You will find this special wool in our Ergomulti mattresses, or the cover version 'E' or ‘F'.
Double cloth / double jersey
Synthetic materials (mattresses) generate an electrostatic charge through friction. This puts the skin under tension, similar to electromagnetic radiation. If there is additional electromagnetic radiation, e.g. by the power line in the wall, electrosmog is created. To keep your sleeping place free from such influences, it is recommended to use natural materials and to keep the sleeping area free of electricity. Any electrician can easily install this in the breaker box.
Extensive information on this topic is available from the Ministry of the Environment NRW (PDF/3MB): Information brochure electrosmog
Of course, good products always have imitators, but our equipment, the great variety of products, and the fair price calculation are hard to copy.
Our futons today, modern and adapted to our needs, have hardly anything to do with the original Japanese.
You can find everything about futons at Futonwerk.
It also makes the mattress firmer because the elasticity of natural latex is blocked.
House dust allergy
k. b. A.
Latexed coconut fiber
Life cycle assessment
The determined value can be represented in kj/t (kilojoules per ton).
Wikipedia, you will find more information on this topic.
Natural latex or natural rubber
100% natural is the decisive predicate because this means it does not contain any synthetic polymers. This is the only way to create a unique, highly elastic quality. The chemical structure of natural latex' has extremely long molecular chains, which form the unique elasticity. Imagine the material as a very dense three-dimensional net that stretches in all directions.
Each core of the natural latex foam, is baked in large steel molds, is cellularly breathable, and highly elastic. We call this elasticity "point elasticity" because the material yields and adapts itself individually at every point of body contact. Therefore the material is perfectly suited for the use as a sleeping pad and is the optimal material from an ergonomic point of view. Finally, the long durability (also a consequence of the elasticity) is remarkable, as the material hardly wears out under pressure. A good quality natural latex core is neither noticeably nor (relevant) measurably worn out after 10 years of use
The enormous body adaptation in combination with a correspondingly high core gives us a little bit of the feeling of weightlessness.
Allergy: an allergic reaction to natural latex cannot be excluded, but so far (at least in the form of an upholstery core) it is not known to cause any allergic reactions. If you are allergic to protein and are worried, please have a sample of the natural latex send to you for testing.
Ecology: the raw material rubber is completely decomposed, but the 3-5% binding substances (phosphorus, sulfates) would partly be deposited in the drinking water, therefore a natural latex core belongs in the waste incineration, where it has good calorific value with only a few residues. As the natural latex foam has very high durability, the ecological balance is very good, especially compared to synthetic foams.
History: the tree "Hevea Brasiliensis", which was originally settled in the Latin American tropics, uses photosynthesis to produce the milky juice that the Maya already knew how to use (presumably soccer was born there and not in England) and from which we obtain our precious raw material. In the 18th century, an Englishman smuggled a shipload of seedlings into the Asian colonies of the British Crown. Legend has it that only a handful of the seedlings survived and this formed the basis for the triumphant advance of this wonderful material around the world. Around 1900, John Dunlop modified the vulcanization process developed by Charles Goodyear to create the permanently elastic foam that we still produce today.
More information can be found on the natural latex factsheet.
Natural hair duvets
Above all, for us, it means cotton from controlled organic cultivation, which comes from the same regions as the conventional ones, mostly from Turkey. This has always been our main focus because it is probably the biggest problematic product in our field.
All materials are made for us and according to our specifications and principles.
For the length, we recommend body height plus 20 cm. We recommend a width of 100 - 140 cm for people sleeping alone. Young couples are usually happy with a width of 140 cm, otherwise, 160 - 180 cm is usually a sufficient width for a good, shared sleep.
By the way: With increasing width, the mattress cover loses its elasticity. This means that smaller mattresses of the respective "design" are firmer than the larger ones.
Further information and advice are available from us or on the internet, under the key word building biology; here you can find an info page from "Das Haus".
Sleep process, sleep phases
Sleep takes place in different phases, which can be illustrated by different brain frequencies. It begins with the so-called alpha-phase (meditative phase), here the brain has reached an oscillation frequency of about 13 Hz and we are in transition to light sleep, from there it goes quickly into a deep sleep and below 4 Hz, in between REM phases again and again, at the beginning of the night more deep sleep (1-2 hours), later more and more REM (1-2 hours), most of the time light sleep (3-4 hours).
At night, or when the body is at rest, the glands secrete large amounts of growth hormones, which are responsible for cellular regeneration. These glands can work best during sleep since most organs are less active.
During deep sleep, an important part of these vital and life-energy-creating processes takes place.
Well-being to the one who is bedded in such a way that it can take place, whose sleeping pad is so stable and elastic that the body can hold a secure position and also move without having to activate the whole muscle apparatus.
Movement occurs mainly in the REM phase, when jumpy moments of the day are discharged and, of course, in light sleep, so that all parts of the body remain in the various positions in a balanced way and the fluids can flow in a balanced way. 30 - 60 movements take place on average during the natural sleep process; here too, the base needs to be well elastic.
Just as interesting as unexplored is the Alpha Phase, the gateway to sleep, during which we can also float between consciousness and subconsciousness and make contact with others in an energetic way. It is also what characterizes the newly discovered short sleep during the day. This is only a very brief outline of a very complex process that we humans are still far from understanding - so far there are only a number of hypotheses about the meaning and function of the institution of sleep. The only thing that is certain is that it is indispensable for the Homo Sapiens and preferably takes place in the dark because we then produce more melatonin, the body's own sleeping pill.
Here is a well-designed carpenter info page with lots of wood science.
Test & Certificate
As far as the area of tests/product testing or tested products is concerned, there are — as everyone knows — two organizations that have mastered this topic, Stiftung Warentest, a semi-governmental institution, which is credible in theory, due to its status, but whose test results are nevertheless only partially reliable, as one basically tries to keep the companies indemnified.
In the field of mattress tests, it is noticeable that the test criteria are sometimes so lax, that even really lousy products still score fairly well. Consumers looking for quality do not have any useful help in making a decision. Instead, the significantly larger group of "savings buyers" is approached, inferior products are evaluated in a separate group with simple test parameters, thus encouraging a decline in quality.
The other institution 'Ökotest' is a private publishing house and cannot guarantee the safe separation of advertising customers and test aspirants.
There are conclusive, reliable tests/test results from both sides, as well as those that require a lot of humor ... as long as you are not affected.
For example, in the field of natural mattresses, there are cases where one competitor who uses the same QuL-certified materials as others, was given a lower grade because different results were obtained in that batch of materials. It also could have been the other way around and in each case, it is clearly noticeable for the one with the lower grade, and consumers feel uncertain. Also one measures with double measure, with Ökotest a fully synthetic (and miserable in price/performance) Tempur mattress is found to be ' good' in the 2nd attempt (after 'sufficient' in the 1st test) (Stiftung Warentest: 'unsatisfactory'), while natural mattresses are immediately devalued, if they contain synthetic material shares. This is not comprehensible.
It is known from both Stiftung Warentest and Ökotest that products from certain manufacturers are preferred in the respective test, while other, equally relevant products do not appear. So if manufacturers do not do the appropriate 'lobby work', they have a reduced chance of being included.
The conclusion is that the test is too much of a marketing tool that is fought over by the industry but often does not offer quality-oriented consumers satisfactory support, especially since quality products often come from small manufacturers and - due to their low market significance - do not even appear in the test.
With time, we have gained enough experience with tests and test results from Stiftung Warentest and Ökotest (mainly positive ones) to make the decision not to work with the marketing instrument 'test result'.
We commit ourselves to remain true to our basic ethical rules and to achieve the quality goals that we are fundamentally striving for. And we want to present our information and statements, both written and oral, in such a way that every consumer can easily understand and comprehend them.
It is a similar matter to the certificates.
The certification criteria are often unclear to the consumer and it requires trust in the respective certification agency.
Products or manufacturers who receive a certificate from an organization must fulfill certain conditions for this purpose, but compliance with these conditions is not necessarily checked (or is not necessarily verifiable), but it is assumed that they are met. Thus, in the end, one must trust a company again. In effect, a certificate is also just a marketing tool.
If, for example, the certification of organic cotton is guaranteed by the fact that the manufacturer/processor sends a sample to a test laboratory once a year, you will ultimately trust this manufacturer/processor. If a textile product is decorated with an eco-label indicating that it has been tested for 200 harmful substances, it makes a good impression and lures us to purchase it. However, it is just as hard to tell whether it has been produced in a questionable way somewhere in Central Asia, as it is to tell whether it really comes from a certified organic farm because many conventional products also pass several tests for harmful substances. Also one must know, which test parameters are used and how much sense it makes.
There are also many examples and stories here that ultimately make it clear that it's all about trust, and we want to build this up through the greatest possible degree of openness in product presentation and consulting, rather than through a seal.
In order to make this clear, it should be mentioned that the author and founder of Futonwerk co-founded and built up the QuL, but turned away from this association due to an indifferent ethical attitude — in an already small circle of members — and corresponding courses of action. Today we are still a member of the IVN - the mother association of the GOTS.
Virgin sheep's wool
Alternative: an unquilted cover, as available with Ergovlex, which is sanforized and therefore fully washable. The necessary climate insert is inserted loosely.